Prof. (Dr.) Divya Tanwar
Prof. (Adj) Somaiya Vidya Vihar University,
Chairperson, Divey Foundation, New Delhi.
Board of Directors of Centre for NAMO Studies,
(CNMS) New Delhi.
The future of drones in India is poised to be very promising,with a range of applications and opportunities across various sectors
Today, the governments and businesses are gung-ho about drone technology. Amazon Prime Air is a program aimed at delivering packages using drones, offering faster and more efficient delivery. UPS has been testing its own drone delivery program, using drones to deliver packages in rural areas and difficult-to-reach locations. DHL has been using drones for several years for medical deliveries in remote areas, and is also exploring their use for package delivery. Flirtey is a drone delivery company that has partnerships with 7-Eleven, Domino’s Pizza, and other retailers for delivering products directly to customers’ doorsteps. Wing is a subsidiary of Alphabet (Google) and offers drone delivery services, including the delivery of food, medicine, and other products.
What are Drones?
Drones are unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) that are controlled remotely or autonomously. Drones can vary in size, shape and functionality, from small recreational drones to large commercial drones used for industrial purposes. Drones have a wide range of applications, including military operations, agriculture, delivery, inspection, aerial photography,surveying, law enforcement support, border surveillance, fighting wildfires, environmental monitoring and disaster response. Drones have the potential to revolutionize various industries in the form of improving work processes, increasing efficiency and safety. Some drones are equipped with cameras, sensors, and other technologies that enable them to perform various tasks. Importance of drones lies in their ability to provide aerial perspectives and collect data in a cost-effective and efficient manner. Drones can access places that are difficult or dangerous for human operators.
India and Drone Technology:
In India also the use of drones has been growing rapidly, with the government and private companies investing in the development and deployment of drone technology. The Indian government has taken several initiatives to promote the use of drones, including:
Drone Regulations: In 2018, the Indian government released the Civil Aviation Requirements (CAR) for Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS), providing a framework for the safe and responsible use of drones.
Agricultural Applications: Drones are being used in India for agricultural purposes, such as crop monitoring and yield estimation, which can help farmers increase efficiency and productivity.
Delivery Services: Indian companies are exploring the use of drones for delivery services, such as delivering packages, food, and medical supplies in rural and remote areas.
Infrastructure Inspection: Drones are being used in India for inspection of infrastructure, such as bridges, pipelines, and power transmission lines, reducing the need for workers to perform dangerous inspections.
Disaster Response: Drones are increasingly being used in India for disaster response and search-and-rescue operations, providing valuable aerial views and data to responders.
This emphasis on drones is expected to bring significant benefits and opportunities to the country, including improved efficiency, safety, and accessibility in various industries.
Prime Minister’s emphasis on Drone Technology in “Mann Ki Baat”:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has acknowledged the potential of drones. He has encouraged the use of drones for social and economic development, and has taken several steps to promote their use in India. In his monthly radio program “Mann Ki Baat,” Prime Minister Modi has talked about the potential of drones in the agriculture sector, and how they can be used to increase efficiency and reduce costs. He has also encouraged the development of the drone industry in India, and has launched initiatives such as the Drone Innovation Challenge to encourage innovation in the field. Prime Minister Modi has also talked about the use of drones for disaster management and search and rescue operations, and has encouraged the development of new and innovative drone technologies to support these efforts.
Overall, Prime Minister Modi has shown support for the use of drones in India and has encouraged their development and use for various purposes.
National Education Policy and promotion of Drones Technology:
The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 in India includes provisions for the integration of drone education and training into the country’s educational system. The NEP aims to promote the study and application of drone technology as an important area of knowledge and skills development. Some of the key provisions related to drone education in the NEP 2020 include:
Skill Development: The NEP emphasizes the importance of developing practical skills, including drone technology, and promoting hands-on learning experiences.
Incorporation into Curriculum: The NEP recommends incorporating drone education and training into relevant academic programs, such as engineering, aviation, and agriculture.
Partnerships with Industry: The NEP encourages partnerships between academic institutions and industry to promote the development of drone technology and its applications.
Career Opportunities: The NEP highlights the growing demand for professionals skilled in drone technology, and encourages students to pursue careers in this field.
By incorporating drone education into the country’s educational system, the National Education Policy aims to promote the development of drone technology and its applications in India, and to equip students with the knowledge and skills needed to succeed in this rapidly-growing field.
Somaiya Institute of Research and Consultancy, Mumbai:
Somaiya Institute of Research and Consultancy (SIRC) is a research and consultancy arm of Somaiya Vidyavihar University in Mumbai, India. The primary focus of SIRC is to support research and consultancy in areas such as drone technology and its applications, engineering, and social sciences. The institute conducts research, provides consultancy services, and collaborates with organizations and businesses to address practical challenges and find innovative solutions. SIRC is staffed by a team of experienced researchers and consultants, who bring a wealth of knowledge and expertise to the institute. The institute also works closely with academic departments and faculty at Somaiya Vidyavihar University, leveraging the university’s academic resources and expertise to support its research and consultancy activities. Somaiya Institute of Research and Consultancy plays a critical role in supporting the university’s mission to promote research, innovation, and entrepreneurship, and to make a positive impact on society.
Conclusion: The future of drones in India is poised to be very promising, with a range of applications and opportunities across various sectors. The Indian government has also been supportive of the development and use of drone technology, recognizing its potential for growth and development. The demand for drones is expected to grow as more industries adopt the technology for various applications, such as agriculture, delivery, and infrastructure inspection. The Indian government has taken steps to support the growth of the drone industry, such as launching a national drone policy and creating a regulatory framework for the use of drones. The continued development of drone technology, such as longer battery life, increased flight times, and improved payload capabilities, is expected to expand the range of applications and use cases for drones in India. The growth of the start-up ecosystem in India is expected to drive innovation in the drone sector, with new companies emerging to develop and offer drone-based solutions to various challenges. The drones will definitely play an increasingly important role in the socio-economic development of India.